General Dentistry

invisalign dental treatment

General and Preventive Care

Protect your health with regular dental visits. During a general checkup we will look for and identify early signs of oral health problems such as gum disease, tooth decay and oral cancer.

The early detection of gum disease is important since it is one of the leading causes of tooth loss, and it can lead to even greater health problems like heart disease and stroke. However, when caught early, gum disease can be reversed. Regular visits to your general or family dentist can maintain both your oral health and overall health.

Our dental services include hygienic teeth cleaning and polishing, as well as comprehensive exams of your teeth, gums and jaw. We offer you the best preventive care and expert advice to keep your teeth healthy and keep you smiling. We treat both children and adults, regardless of age. Our team and dentists have the highest levels of training and we will put you at ease the minute you walk through our doors.

Diagnostics and Prevention

To maintain good overall oral health, routine care and regular visits to the dentist are essential. We offer Routine and preventative dental services for the whole family. Routine cleaning, X-rays, and exams help keep teeth and gums healthy and prevent cavities and other damage. For children, we offer a full range of preventative care including fluoride treatment and sealants specifically designed to protect their teeth early on. Protect your child’s teeth from cavities with dental sealants.

What are Dental Sealants?

Sealants are thin, plastic coating which are painted on to the chewing surfaces of the back teeth in a simple and painless process which may mean your child is never faced with cavities.

In fact, combined with a proper dental hygiene, sealants can save you money in the long run by eliminating the need for fillings, crowns or caps.

Sealants
How Do Sealants Prevent Decay?

Back teeth have numerous small gaps called ‘pits’ and ‘fissures’ which are natural collection points for food and bacteria which can cause decay.

Sealants are painted on as a liquid which quickly hardens to form a shield over the tooth, particularly at the back where most cavities start.

We invite you to come in for a dental check-up. Please contact us to schedule your preventive dental care appointment

The facts about Periodontal Disease

The most common cause of tooth loss in adults is gum disease. It affects the gums, bone and other supporting structures of the teeth. Gum disease is caused by dental plaque. Dental plaque results in irritation to the gums and causes them to become red, tender and prone to bleeding. Dental plaque can be removed with brushing and flossing. If not removed daily, plaque hardens to form calculus (tartar) and this cannot be removed with brushing and flossing therefore requiring a hygienist visit.

gingivitis

As gum disease progresses. The gums may pull away from the teeth and periodontal pockets form between the teeth and gums. These pockets become filled with more plaque. As the pockets deepen it becomes impossible to clean the plaque out. Eventually, the bone structure supporting the teeth can be destroyed. The depth of these pockets is measured during a dental check up to assess the degree of gum disease.

Other Causes of Periodontal Disease
  • Smoking
  • Badly aligned teeth, poorly fitting bridges or partial dentures, defective fillings
  • Teeth grinding
  • Certain Diseases: Diabetes, anemia Leukemia are among many
  • Unbalanced diet
  • Pregnancy
  • Certain medications --- Oral contraceptive, anti-epilepsy drugs, steroids and cancer therapy drugs may have a negative affect.
What Are the Signs?
  • Gums that bleed easily
  • Calculus or tartar buildup
  • Red, swollen or tender gums
  • Gums that have receded or shrunken away from your teeth
  • Pus between your teeth when you press your gums with your finger
  • Pain when chewing
  • Teeth that seem loose or that change position
  • Changes in your bite
  • Changes in the way your partial dentures fit
  • Bad breath or chronic bad taste in your mouth
  • Extreme sensitivity to hot and cold
Treatment

The type of treatment you require depends on how advanced your particular case is. Individualised treatment may include of the following:

  • More frequent cleanings. It may take the bacteria at the base of the pocket up to three months to colonise into numbers able to destroy bone. Frequent cleanings can prevent this build up.
  • Scaling and root planing. Scaling is removing the calculus deposits from your teeth. Root planing is the smoothing of the root surfaces so that the gum tissue can reattach to the tooth.
  • Curettage removes the soft tissue lining the periodontal pocket. This helps the gum tissue to heal.
  • Gingivectomy is the surgical removal of the periodontal pocket to allow easier access for cleaning.
  • Flap surgery allows us to gain access to the root of the tooth for removal of calculus, plaque and diseased tissue. The gum is then secured back into place.
Prevention protocol
  • Thoroughly brush and floss your teeth every day.
  • Eat a well-balanced diet, avoiding sticky sweets and junk food.
  • Examine your mouth routinely for any early signs of gum disease or other oral changes.
  • Visit us at least twice a year for a thorough cleaning and oral examination.
You need not lose your teeth to gum disease. With today’s treatment procedures, most teeth can be saved!

Dental Caries

Dental caries or tooth decay is the gradual destruction of a tooth that develops in the presence of sugars and dental plaque. The bacteria in plaque break down the sugars and other carbohydrates that we eat, and produce acids. These acids dissolve the enamel and dentine that make up the tooth structure, and create a hole or a cavity in the tooth. Once a hole has developed in the tooth surface you will need to have the decay removed from the tooth and a filling placed to seal the surface and build up the shape of the tooth again.

Development of Caries
Development of Caries
  • A =Normal Tooth
  • B =Beginning and advancement of caries
  • C =Deeply destroyed, carious tooth with gangrenous pulp and acute opical periodontitis, submucosal phase
  • D =Deeply destroyed, carious tooth with gangrenous pulp and acute apical periodontitis, enostal phase
Prevention of Tooth Decay

The best way to prevent tooth decay is to remove all bacterial plaque from all the surfaces of all your teeth, every day. From a perfectly clean tooth surface it only takes a few seconds before the first bacteria stick to the tooth surface and begin to grow into a complex bacterial community known as Plaque. It is this film of bacteria we want to remove when we clean out teeth and gums. Careful tooth brushing with fluoride toothpaste and the use of dental floss or interdental brushes to clean between the teeth can achieve this.

It is also important not to eat sugary foods and drinks throughout the day because the more often you feed the bacteria, the more acid is produced thus increasing the frequency of the decay process. Some drinks are even acidic enough to dissolve the enamel and dentine, and should therefore be avoided. Foods that can promote the flow of saliva are good as the saliva in your mouth can counteract acid attacks on teeth by neutralising the acids produced by bacteria and sugars. In addition, the saliva can help clear food and debris away from the mouth by flushing action. Saliva also helps ‘heal' the tooth surface after acid attacks. Chewing gums can be helpful to stimulate the flow of saliva, but it is important to use ‘sugar-free' chewing gums.

Dental fillings

Dental fillings are used to repair cavity in your teeth caused by tooth decay. Although considered a routine procedure, we treat it with the same care and attention we would a more complex treatment.

There a number of different types of dental fillings available at Northmed Dental we prefer to use tooth-coloured (white) fillings.

White fillings (Composite Resin)

A nature tooth coloured filling that seamlessly blend in with surrounding teeth. Made from a mixture of plastic and glass materials, white fillings have several benefits:

  • No health risk associated with the use of white fillings
  • It has been reported white fillings restore 85%-95% of the tooth
  • White fillings closely blend with the nature appearance of your teeth
  • If damaged white fillings are easier to repair

Composite or white fillings are considered more aesthetically pleasing as they are the closest match to your natural tooth colour. White fillings have always been considered less desirable than silver fillings. The availability of new materials have now made white fillings comparable and as strong as silver fillings. We use the latest technologies and techniques to make sure your fillings are the utmost quality and carried out with precision.

The life expectancy of dental fillings varies and depends greatly on how heavily you chew or bite food. We can advise you on how long your dental filling should last.